Which Verses of the Qur'an are Analogous to Science?

The Qur'an contains many verses that are considered analogous to science, as they describe natural phenomena and scientific principles that were not discovered or fully understood until centuries later. Some examples of such verses include:

The Big Bang Theory:

The Qur'an describes the creation of the universe as a massive explosion, which is analogous to the Big Bang Theory in modern science. One verse that refers to this is:

  • "Did the unbelievers (who do not accept the teaching of the Prophet) not realize that the heavens and the earth were one solid mass, then We tore them apart, and We made every living being out of water?"(Qur'an 21:30)

Which Verses of the Qur'an are Analogous to Science?

The Water Cycle:

The Qur'an describes the water cycle, including the evaporation of water from the earth, the formation of clouds, and the eventual return of water to the earth as rain. One verse that refers to this is:

  • "And it is He who sends down rain from the sky, and We produce thereby the growth of all things. We produce from it greenery from which We produce grains arranged in layers. And from the palm trees - of its emerging fruit are clusters hanging low. And [We produce] gardens of grapevines and olives and pomegranates, similar yet varied. Look at [each of] its fruit when it yields and [at] its ripening. Indeed in that are signs for a people who believe."(Qur'an 6:99)


The Qur'an describes the development of the human embryo in detail, including the formation of bones, muscles, and organs. One verse that refers to this is:

  • "We created man from an extract of clay. Then We made him as a drop in a place of settlement, firmly fixed. Then We made the drop into an alaqah (leech-like suspended thing), then We made the alaqah into a mudghah (chewed substance)..." (Qur'an 23:12-14)


The Qur'an contains numerous verses that describe the movements of celestial bodies, such as the sun, the moon, and the stars. One verse that refers to this is:

  • "It is He who created the night and the day, and the sun and the moon, all (the celestial bodies) swim along, each in its own rounded course." (Qur'an 21:33)


  • "Have We not made the earth a resting place? And the mountains as stakes?" (Qur'an 78:6-7)


  • "He has let loose the two seas (the salt and fresh water) meeting together. Between them is a barrier which none of them can transgress." (Qur'an 55:19-20)


  • "And it is He who sends the winds as good tidings before His mercy, and We send down from the sky pure water." (Qur'an 25:48)


  • "And We have sent down rain from the sky in a measured amount and settled it in the earth. And indeed, We are Able to take it away." (Qur'an 23:18)


  • "There is no disease that Allah has created, except that He also has created its treatment." (Hadith)


  • "Have they not looked at the heaven above them - how We structured it and adorned it and [how] it has no rifts?" (Qur'an 50:6)


  • "And of His signs is the creation of the heavens and the earth and the diversity of your languages and your colors. Indeed in that are signs for those of knowledge." (Qur'an 30:22)


  • "And there is no creature on earth but that upon Allah is its provision, and He knows its place of dwelling and place of storage. All is in a clear register." (Qur'an 11:6)


  • "Those who have believed and whose hearts are assured by the remembrance of Allah. Unquestionably, by the remembrance of Allah hearts are assured." (Qur'an 13:28)


  • "O mankind, indeed We have created you from male and female and made you peoples and tribes that you may know one another. Indeed, the most noble of you in the sight of Allah is the most righteous of you. Indeed, Allah is Knowing and Acquainted." (Qur'an 49:13)


  • "And We have certainly honored the children of Adam and carried them on the land and sea and provided for them of the good things and preferred them over much of what We have created, with [definite] preference." (Qur'an 17:70)


  • "And it is He who has made you successors upon the earth and has raised some of you above others in degrees [of rank] that He may try you through what He has given you.(Qur'an 6:165)


  • "And certainly did We create man from an extract of clay. Then We placed him as a sperm-drop in a firm lodging. Then We made the sperm-drop into a clinging clot, and We made the clot into a lump [of flesh], and We made [from] the lump, bones, and We covered the bones with flesh; then We developed him into another creation. So blessed is Allah, the best of creators." (Qur'an 23:12-14)


  • "And when the earth is shaken with its [final] earthquake. And the earth discharges its burdens. And man says, 'What is [wrong] with it?' - That Day, it will report its news." (Qur'an 99:1-4)


  • "He covers the night with the day, [another night] chasing it rapidly; and [He created] the sun, the moon, and the stars, subjected by His command. Unquestionably, His is the creation and the command; blessed is Allah, Lord of the worlds." (Qur'an 7:54)


  • "And [by] the sky and He who constructed it. And [by] the earth and He who spread it. And [by] the soul and He who proportioned it. And inspired it [with discernment of] its wickedness and its righteousness." (Qur'an 91:5-8)


  • "Allah is He who created seven heavens and of the earth, the like of them. [His] command descends among them so you may know that Allah is over all things competent and that Allah has encompassed all things in knowledge." (Qur'an 65:12)


  • "Have they not seen how many generations We destroyed before them which We had established upon the earth as We have not established you? And We sent [rain from] the sky upon them in showers and made rivers flow beneath them; then We destroyed them for their sins and brought forth after them a generation of others." (Qur'an 6:6)


  • "And He is the one who sends the winds as good tidings before His mercy, and We send down from the sky pure water." (Qur'an 25:48)


  • "And indeed We have put the big stars in the heaven and We beautified it for the beholders." (Qur'an 15:16)

Quantum Mechanics:

  • "Indeed, Allah is not timid to present an example - that of a mosquito or what is smaller than it. And those who have believed know that it is the truth from their Lord. But as for those who disbelieve, they say, 'What did Allah intend by this as an example?' He misleads many thereby and guides many thereby. And He misleads not except the defiantly disobedient." (Qur'an 2:26)

Final Words

The Qur'an contains many references to nature and the natural world, which can be interpreted as reflecting an appreciation for the beauty and complexity of creation. These verses can inspire Muslims to engage in scientific inquiry and exploration, as they seek to better understand the world around them.

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